Web. SLIDESHOW Heart Disease: Causes of a Heart Attack See Slideshow. Oral agents to control DM include sulfonylurea drugs (such as glipizide), which increase pancreatic secretion of insulin; biguanides or thiazolidinediones (such as metformin or pioglitazone), which increase cellular sensitivity to insulin; or a-glucosidase inhibitors (such as acarbose), which decrease the absorption of carbohydrates from the gastrointestinal tract. The disease is marked by alternating episodes of hypoglycemia and hyperglycemia. This type of diabetes in nonobese patients can usually be controlled by diet and oral hypoglycemic agents (e.g., sulfonylurea drugs or metformin).
Hydrochlorothiazide can be prescribed for nephrogenic DI not caused by drug therapy; amiloride may be used in nephrogenic DI caused by lithium administration. A general term for diseases marked by excessive urination and elevated blood sugar, esp. Festival of Sacrifice: The Past and Present of the Islamic Holiday of Eid al-Adha. Human minimally antigenic insulin should be prescribed. Medical Qualifications DM abbreviation meaning defined here. An autosomal dominant retinal disease in which central visual acuity is diminished when lipofuscin accumulates under the macula. Type 2 DM that presents during childhood or adolescence, typically as an autosomal dominant trait in which there is diminished but not absent insulin production by the pancreas. The amount of carbohydrates consumed is a dietary key to managing glycemic control in diabetes. Type 1 or insulin-dependent DM has a prevalence of just 0.3 to 0.4%. Patients should be evaluated regularly for retinal disease and visual impairment and peripheral and autonomic nervous system abnormalities, e.g., loss of sensation in the feet. A rare form of muscular dystrophy in which muscles that control the eyelids and swallowing are primarily affected.
Type 2 DM that presents during childhood or adolescence, typically as an autosomal dominant trait in which there is diminished but not absent insulin production by the pancreas. Dictionary, Encyclopedia and Thesaurus - The Free Dictionary, maternally inherited diabetes and deafness, the webmaster's page for free fun content, American Society of Anesthesiology Classification, Often acute infection in a diabetic or insufficient insulin intake, Recent insulin injection, inadequate meal, or excessive exercise after insulin, Previous history of diabetes may be absent, Abdominal pains or cramps, sometimes acute, Absence of glucose and ketones in urine unless bladder is full, Polyuria, polydipsia, polyphagia, weight loss, ketoacidosis, Polyuria, polydipsia, peripheral neuropathy, Diet, exercise, and often oral hypoglycemic drugs or insulin, May be difficult to control in poorly motivated patients. Approx. The length of the therapy and the importance of taking medications as prescribed and not discontinuing them without consulting the prescriber are stressed.
Caloric restriction, a cornerstone of treatment for other forms of diabetes, is relatively contraindicated because of the need for aggressive nutritional supplementation in CF patients.
The patient and family should be referred to local and national support and information groups and may require psychological counseling. Other elements in care include receiving regular vaccinations, e.g., to prevent influenza and pneumococcal pneumonia). The amount of carbohydrates consumed is a dietary key to managing glycemic control in diabetes. In some patients the condition can be controlled by careful diet and regular exercise. Representative forms of macular dystrophy include Best disease and Stargardt disease. diabetes mellitus, DM (noun) diabetes caused by a relative or absolute deficiency of insulin and characterized by polyuria. Tight glucose control can reduce the patient’s risk of many of the complications of the disease.
The patient is taught to measure intake and output, to monitor weight daily, and to use a hydrometer to measure urine specific gravity. It is the most common complication of CF other than those conditions that affect the lungs.
Although CFRD can be diagnosed with fasting glucose blood tests or hemoglobin A1c levels, many experts recommend using an oral glucose tolerance test. Because stress can significantly raise blood glucose levels, stress management is a vital part of therapy. One of several rare forms of muscular dystrophy in which the forearm, hand, calf, and foot muscles are primarily affected as opposed to the muscles of the shoulders or pelvic girdle.
Fluid balance is monitored. A relatively less common form of type 1 DM (seen in only about 10% of type 1 diabetics) in which autoimmune antibodies against insulin, pancreatic beta cells, or their protein products are not found in the blood. All content on this website, including dictionary, thesaurus, literature, geography, and other reference data is for informational purposes only. DM that usually has its onset before the age of 25 years, in which the essential abnormality is related to absolute insulin deficiency.
Caloric restriction, a cornerstone of treatment for other forms of diabetes, is relatively contraindicated because of the need for aggressive nutritional supplementation in CF patients. Glucose tolerance is normal and diabetic symptoms are lacking. The most common form of type 1 DM.
Longitudinal ridging and fragmentation of all the fingernails and toenails. This disease commonly develops in children and adolescents, but it may also develop in adults. Affected patients often complain of burning pain with any movement of an affected body part, excessive sensitivity to light touch or minor stimulation, temperature changes (heat or cold) in the affected limb, localized sweating, localized changes of skin color, or atrophic changes in the skin, nails, or musculature. DM that is exceptionally difficult to control. The patient should wear or carry a medical ID tag and have prescribed medications with him or her at all times. Most patients affected by LADA eventually require insulin therapy, like patients with type 1 DM. The patient with ulcerated or insensitive feet is referred to a podiatrist for continuing foot care and is warned that decreased sensation can mask injuries. Hyperglycemia caused by the use of exogenously administered corticosteroids, e.g., prednisone, methylprednisolone, or dexamethasone. Night blindness is usually the first symptom, followed by peripheral visual loss. Serum electrolyte and blood urea nitrogen levels are monitored.
Patients with DM often also sustain infected ulcerations of the feet, which may result in osteomyelitis and the need for amputation.
When DI is a side effect of drug therapy, the offending drug is withheld. Abréviations médicales débutant par A. AA Acide aminé AAA Anévrisme de l'aorte abdominale ABO Groupes sanguins ABO The average capillary blood glucose level is 104 mg/dL, and the standard deviation is 19. The patient should be encouraged to maintain as full and normal a life as possible and to avoid prolonged bed rest. Rating: 84 Votes: 90.
Abbreviation is mostly used in categories:Medical Veterinary Cardiology Dentistry Pharmacy.
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