Ramayana and Mahabharata seem to have been composed as a reaction to this hermit revolution, so after the age of the Buddha, they argue in favour of the householder’s life and reveal how hermit’s wisdom can be used within the household. Every year, the Ramayana Week coincides with the beginning of Vasanta Navratri and culminates on the day of Ramnavami. In the 20th century, scholars put together a “critical” edition of what could be probably the oldest hymns. Thus we have the critical edition of Valmiki Ramayana by Maharaja Sayaji Rao University Oriental Institute, Baroda, and the critical edition of Vyasa Mahabharata by Bhandarkar Oriental Research Institute, Pune. But it is tough to separate what may have really occurred, and what is fantasy, what is memory and what is imagination. It all depends on what answer you are prepared to receive, for the answer is complicated and mired in politics. Ram fought the war against Ravan and killed all his Sons and all his officials. After the success of their conspiracy, when king Dashrath actually came to please Devi Keykai, she put her demands before him which consisted of Sri Ram to go to “Wanvas” for a duration of 14 years and meanwhile to make Bharat as the king of Ayodhya. this is new yuga happened in Ramayana.

Latest technology, travel and tourism blogs online. They may have used actual historical events as a framework to present their ideas, and embellished the story with fantastic elements. So the oldest versions of Ramayana and Mahabharata that we have today are less than 2,500 years ago, but they could be describing events that occurred many hundred years before that. Today, it belongs to the whole humanity because it is capable of serving as a code of ethics for all human beings, irrespective of caste, creed, color, and religion. Long ago, the Ramayana became popular in Southeast Asia and manifested itself in the text, temple architecture and performance--particularly in Java, Sumatra, Borneo, Indonesia, Thailand, Cambodia and Malaysia. The heroic deeds of Rama and his exciting adventures have inspired generations of people, and for centuries, the epic existed only orally in Sanskrit. In the Mahabharata, the Pandavas are told the story of an ancient king called Ram, which makes Ramayana, at least narratively, an earlier tale. He offered Ravan to come to his shelter and leave Devi Sita but he refused to come under his shelter rather asked him to do the same. In that fight Ram killed Khar dushan and his army and surpanakha narrated all of this before his brother Ravan. A Venture of AAQA Solutions , Banglore, India. Did the two people mingle, exchange ideas? This editing took place over 600 years from 2,300 years ago to 1,700 years ago. “Sursa”, a demon in the middle of the ocean examined hanuman while he was crossing the ocean in his jump to Lanka and by judging him he gave his well wishes to him. For example, there is archaeological evidence of cities, now submerged under the sea, near the city now called Dwarka, in Gujarat. The hermits rejected the Vedic rituals and the householder’s life. In his way he killed the demons and attacked “lankini” and entered Lanka. When king Dashrat unwantedly under the force of his promise declared disheartedly for Ram to go for Wanvas, Devi Sita and Laxman also went along with him. Now the Vedic hymns are written in a Sanskrit called Vedic Sanskrit while the oldest Ramayana and Mahabharata texts we have are written in a Sanskrit called Classical Sanskrit. © 2020 Devdutt Pattanaik, All Rights Reserved. (Please note that dating in the article is approximate and rounded for ease of understanding. Saraswati, the goddess of wisdom was believed to have assured the sage by standing at his side and guiding him to visualize the events of Ramayana and eulogize them with epic dignity and secular simplicity.

Anything before that is a matter of faith.

The people speaking Vedic Sanskrit eventually spread further east towards the Ganga where they established a thriving civilisation 3,000 years ago. For the successive agreement of her desires from the king, she reminded him of his promises which he gave to her long before the time of their marriage that explained that he would indeed complete the desire of Rani Keykai when she would be asking for it.

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