The RCH not only helps improve a plant electrical safety program, but it also inspires manufacturers to improve their electrical equipment designs. To this end, permission is granted to use such copyrighted material solely for non-commercial, instructional, personal, or scholarly purposes. Linking to a non-federal website does not constitute an endorsement by CDC or any of its employees of the sponsors or the information and products presented on the website. While there are some jobs, such as removing asbestos, where wearing adequate personal protective equipment is absolutely essential, there are many jobs where employers hand out personal protective Yet, had the visionaries who brought us the airbag only focused on improving seatbelts, we never would have achieved the level of safety we have today. However, a good philosophy to adopt is “keep it simple.” Too much information could confuse the end-user. Most of you know, as well, that wherever there is voltage, there is also the potential for an electrical incident. electricity, water, steam, hydraulic, gravity, and many other sources of stored energy. 4. History reveals an ever-increasing caboodle of protective measures for assuring an acceptable level of safety for both new product designs and for the remediation of man-made and natural hazards. Furthermore, as we apply the RCH to more and more electrical safety risks, it will open our eyes to see more practical ways to reduce those risks. All rights reserved. He’s walking to and fro, and you’re now trying to figure out, not only how can he survive, the kids survive, and yourself survive, but how can we all get out of here, including the police officers and everybody with no fatalities and no injuries and get out safe.”. 2005. The hierarchy includes the following: 1. 228 0 obj <>stream Let's apply the RCH to the Department of Energy (DOE). All sources of energy must be shut off, de-energized at the source, and locked-out prior to you or any other employee beginning work around or on the potential hazard. Can we be exponentially better by using the RCH to uncover even newer and better ways to reduce risk?
If engineering controls cannot be implemented, or cannot be implemented right away, administrative controls should be considered. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) cannot attest to the accuracy of a non-federal website. Hazards should be documented, reviewed, and corrections should be made in a timely manner. Administrative controls involve changes in workplace policies and procedures. The risk control hierarchy (RCH) in the ANSI-Z10 standard provides electrical safety professionals with an excellent roadmap for setting the rig ht safety objectives that result in the reduction of electrical risks. How far should workers keep themselves or equipment away from power lines? The initial cost of engineering controls can be higher than the cost of administrative controls or personal protective equipment, but over the longer term, operating costs are frequently lower, and in Tuff had a number of choices at that point. 5. Let’s take a closer look at each of the control measures. That’s a good thing that you’re just giving up and don’t worry about it. CDC is not responsible for Section 508 compliance (accessibility) on other federal or private website. The router's 3-wire power cord was spliced to a 2-wire cord and plug set which was not rated for hard service. Administrative controls work only so long as employee behavior conforms to standards. Administrative controls and PPE programs may be relatively inexpensive to establish but, over the long term, can be very costly to sustain. equipment when in fact they should be using more effective hazard control methods. h�b``�```ff`e`p�dd@ Af �X�����bF�� ELECTRICAL CONTRACTOR? The risk control hierarchy (RCH) in the ANSI-Z10 standard provides electrical safety professionals with an excellent roadmap for setting the rig ht safety objectives that result in the reduction of electrical risks. Every effort must be made to keep other endstream endobj 172 0 obj <>/Metadata 12 0 R/OCProperties<>/OCGs[202 0 R]>>/Outlines 16 0 R/PageLayout/SinglePage/Pages 169 0 R/StructTreeRoot 21 0 R/Type/Catalog>> endobj 173 0 obj <>/ExtGState<>/Font<>/Properties<>/Shading<>/XObject<>>>/Rotate 0/StructParents 0/Tabs/S/Type/Page>> endobj 174 0 obj <>stream Note that the HRG system will not eliminate a fault that begins as phase-to-phase or three-phase event. Key points NIOSH defines five rungs of the Hierarchy of Controls: elimination, substitution, engineering controls, administrative controls and personal protective equipment. Engineering controls should be designed to make it difficult for employees to defeat the controls. Your company's Safety Coordinator or other designated safety person should tour each job site and observe potential safety/health hazards and unsafe behaviors, and develop a plan for implementing corrective actions and system improvements to safeguard workers, which may include the following: A record of all safety inspections and correctional steps should be kept. It is common to combine controls. You can correct any missed questions and check your While elimination is the most effective at reducing hazards, it also tend to be the most difficult to implement in an existing process. The worksite hazard communication program (HCP) has all of the following components EXCEPT _____. Administrative controls 6. Personal protective equipment is often uncomfortable and can place an additional physical burden on a worker. The risk of illness or injury should be substantially reduced. The material may be used and incorporated into other workplace safety and health programs on the condition that no fee may be charged for the subsequent use of the material. Most methods that are available to reduce the severity of the arc flash hazard focus on three controllable variables, including duration, distance and direction. Why are administrative controls less effective in creating a safe workplace than elimination, substitution, and engineering controls? The peaceful resolution was the result of making sure the shooter had her undivided attention, she says. %%EOF The primary hazard of trenching and excavation is employee injury from collapse. The following hazards are the most frequent cause of electrical injuries See 29 CFR 1926.416(a)(1): A worker received a fatal shock when he was cutting drywall with a metal casing router. In other words, an airbag is better than an improved seatbelt for reducing head injuries. Most importantly, the RCH will help us find new “air bags” for electrical safety! Awareness 5. She recalls one young student who would act out when she was feeling unsafe or uncomfortable. Here are a few examples of using substitution as part of the risk control strategy: • Arc-resistant equipment—Rather than specifying and installing equipment such as switchgear and motor-control centers with the traditional design, more arc-resistant equipment is being used.
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